Diabetes mellitus and its socio-demographic determinants: a population-based study from a rural block of Haryana, India

Anuj Jangra, J. S. Malik, Srishti Singh, Nitika Sharma


Background: Diabetes is growing alarmingly in India which is a home to more than 65.1 million people with this disease and this number would increase to 80 million by the year 2030. The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus poses a major threat to clinical management, economic growth and social wellbeing of patients. Studying socio epidemiology of diabetes among adults would help in decreasing the manifestation and severity of this NCD, so this study was conducted with the aim to assess the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its associated socio-demographic factors.

Methods: The present study was conducted in rural block of district Rohtak over a period of one year among 1000 study participants aged 15-64years. Fasting blood sugar was measured to evaluate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus.

Results: Overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 9.2%. It was highest among 55-64years age group (26%), those engaged in service (11.6%), illiterates and upper middle SES (14.3%).

Conclusions: The prevalence of diabetes was high in the study population. A holistic approach targeting both individual and social factors is required to tackle this high prevalence.


Diabetes, Education, Treatment

Full Text:



World Health Organization. Non-communicable diseases, 2015. Available at: Accessed 5 September 2016.

World Health Organization. Global Report on Diabetes, 2016. Available at: Accessed 7 September 2016.

United Nations. Draft outcome document of the United Nations Summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda, 2015. Available at: Accessed 7 Sep 2016.

Zhang P, Zhang X, Brown J, Vistisen D, Sicree R, Shaw J, et al. Global healthcare expenditure on diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diab Res Clin Prac. 2010;87(3):293-301.

International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas 7th Edition; 2015. Available at: Accessed 12 September 2016.

Misra A, Shrivastava U. Obesity and Dyslipidemia in South Asians. Nutrients. 2013 Jul 16;5(7):2708-33.

Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diab Care. 2004;27(5):1047-53.

Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Kapur A, Vijay V, Mohan V, Das AK, et al. Diabetes epidemiology Study Group in India (DESI. high prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in India: National Urban Diab Survey. Diabetol. 2001;44(9):1094-101.

Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Latha E, Vijay V, Viswanathan M. Rising prevalence of NIDDM in an urban population in India. Diabetol. 1997;40(2):232-7.

World Health Organization. Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases, 2013-2020. Available at: 8 September 2016.

Rathod HK, Darade SS, Chitnis UB, Bhawalkar JS, Jadhav SL, Banerjee A. Rural prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross sectional study. J Social Health Diab. 2014;2(2):82-6.

Kanungo S, Mahapatra T, Bhowmik K, Mahapatra S, Saha J, Pal D, et al. Diabetes scenario in a backward rural district population of India and need for restructuring of health care delivery services. Epidemiol. 2016;6(2):1-0.

Little M, Humphries S, Patel K, Dodd W, Dewey C. Factors associated with glucose tolerance, pre-diabetes, and type 2 diabetes in a rural community of south India: a cross-sectional study. Diabetol Metab Syn. 2016;8(1):21.

Misra P, Upadhyay RP, Misra A, Anand K. A review of the epidemiology of diabetes in rural India. Diab Res Clin Prac. 2011;92(3):303-11.

Bhalerao SD, Somannavar M, Vernekar SS, Ravishankar R, Goudar SS. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of North Karnataka: A community-based cross-sectional study. Int J Pharma Med Biological Sci. 2014;3(1):1-4.

D'Souza AM, Kundapur R, Kiran NU. A Cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its household awareness in the rural field practice areas of a medical college in Mangalore-a pilot study. Nitte Uni J Health Sci. 2015;5(3):43.

Shora TN, Davinder SJ, Gupta RK. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and co‐morbid conditions among people aged 30 years and above in a rural area of Jammu. J Sci Innovative Res. 2014;3(1):11-5.

Majgi SM, Soudarssanane BM, Roy G, Das AK. Risk factors of diabetes mellitus in rural Puducherry. Online J Health Allied Sci. 2012:1-7.

Deepthi R, Chandini C, Pratyusha K, Kusuma N, Raajitha B, Shetty G. Screening for diabetes and their risk factors among adults in rural kolar–A community-based study. Int J Res Dev Health. 2013;1(4):152-9.

Barik A, Mazumdar S, Chowdhury A, Rai RK. Physiological and behavioral risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural India. BMJ Open Diab Res Care. 2016;4(1):e000255.

Muninarayana C, Balachandra G, Hiremath SG, Iyengar K, Anil NS. Prevalence and awareness regarding diabetes mellitus in rural Tamaka, Kolar. Int J Diabetes Dev Countries. 2010;30(1):18-21.