DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20194154

Observational study to assess demographic, clinical profile and outcome of acute kidney injury due to acute gastroenteritis during monsoon season

Atim E. Pajai, Kalpana S. Mehta, Sandip P. Bhurke, Abhishek K. Shirkande, Sham Pagar, Rohan U. Pradhan

Abstract


Background: Worldwide incidence and causes of acute kidney injury (AKI) are variable and even more in developed and developing countries. At least 80% of AKI in tropics is community acquired. Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common problem in developing countries. Present study concentrates on AGE as cause of AKI during monsoon period. It presents in epidemic proportion during monsoon and is preventable with timely intervention.

Methods: The study was carried out prospectively in tertiary care hospital in Mumbai during monsoon season of 2012 and 2013. AKI was staged as per AKIN criteria. Patients were treated for primary disease and AKI, initially conservatively and dialysis if indicated. Patients were followed during the hospital stay.

Results: Two hundred and thirty patients had AKI due to infectious disease during monsoon. Incidence of AKI due to diarrhea was 23%, and affecting males predominantly in 4th decade. Diarrhea and vomiting were the most common presenting complaints. 32% patients required dialysis. Mortality rate was 3.8%.

Conclusions: AKI secondary to AGE is common in tropics. Treatment of primary disease and hemodynamic optimization at the earliest helps to prevent AKI. Presents with less severe AKI and has better outcome. Multiorgan involvement and need for supportive lifesaving therapies were risk factors for AKI.

Keywords


Acute Kidney Injury, Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria, Monsoon, Acute gastroenteritis, Infection, Community acquired Acute kidney injury

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