DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20195168

Spectrum of neurological disorders during pregnancy and postpartum period from a tertiary hospital

Karthik Nagaraj, Chaithra S. P.

Abstract


Background: Pregnancy and puerperium are states of hypercoagulability. This predisposes women in these phases to increased risk of cerebrovascular diseases. These neurological complications are important causes of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. These must be recognized and managed to decrease their burden on maternal and child health.

Methods: The aim of this study was to consider the occurrence of neurological complications in pregnancy and puerperium and to analyse the clinical and radiological spectrum of them. This was a prospective study carried out with 1200 patients from January 2014 to August 2015.

Results: Of the 1200 women, 87(7.25%) were diagnosed to have neurological complications. Overall mortality was 11.4%. Eclampsia (63.2%), Cerebral Venous sinus Thrombosis (CVT) (18.3%) and Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) in (8%) accounted for the majority of cases (Table 1). Eclampsia carried a significant mortality rate of 12.7% whereas CVT and PRES had favourable outcomes. Imaging of CVT revealed involvement of deep venous system in 12% and haemorrhagic infarcts in 69%.

Conclusions: The commonest neurological complications seen in this cohort were eclampsia, cerebral venous thrombosis and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Hence a physician needs to bear in mind the common neurological complications that can occur during pregnancy and puerperium to avert poor pregnancy outcomes for both mother and child.


Keywords


Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, Eclampsia, Hypercoagulability, Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, Pregnancy, Puerperium

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References


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