DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20213703

Comparison of personality factors among alcoholics and non-alcoholics attending a tertiary care center in Puducherry

Praveen Kumar R., Umesh G., Karthikeyan V. U.

Abstract


Background: Alcohol consumption is a addictive behavior, which eventually leads to personality disorder, stress. However, in recent times it was noted that duration of alcohol consumption is an important factor for the changes in personality profile. Hence this study was conducted to assess the personality disorders among the person who started consuming alcohol in the past 1-5 years with those of non-alcoholics.

Methods: This prospective cross sectional study was conducted to assess the personality profile among alcoholics and non-alcoholic individuals in the department of psychiatry in Sri Venkateshwara medical college hospital and research institute, Puducherry during the January 2019 to June 2019. A total of 80 participants with 40 alcohol consuming cases and 40 controls were included in this study. For assessing the personality disorder, 16 personality factor (PF) questionnaires were used.

Results: Personality profile like factor F which represents liveliness and Q4 which represents primary factor regarding tension were found to be greatly affected among cases who consume alcohol compared to non-alcoholic controls.

Conclusions: Significant changes noted in personality profile among cases who consume alcohol occurred within 1-5 years of starting alcohol consumption.


Keywords


16 PF, Alcoholics, Personality, Non-alcoholics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Koob GF, Buck CL, Cohen A, Edwards S, Park PE, Schlosburg JE, et al. Addiction as a stress surfeit disorder. Neuropharmacol. 2014;76:370-82.

Schuebel K, Gitik M, Domschke K, Goldman D. Making sense of epigenetics. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016;19(11):058.

Becker HC. Effects of alcohol dependence and withdrawal on stress responsiveness and alcohol consumption. Alcohol Res. 2012;34(4):448-58.

Cavanagh JTO, Carson AJ, Sharpe M, Lawrie SM. Psychological autopsy studies of suicide: a systematic review. Psychol Med. 2003;33(3):395-405.

Yoshimasu K, Kiyohara C, Miyashita K. Suicidal risk factors and completed suicide: meta-analyses based on psychological autopsy studies. Environ Health Prevent Med. 2008;13(5):243-56.

Sayette MA. Does drinking reduce stress? Alcohol Res Health. 1999;23(4):250-5.

Cooper ML, Russell M, Skinner JB, Frone MR, Mudar P. Stress and alcohol use: moderating effects of gender, coping, and alcohol expectancies. J Abnorm Psychol. 1992;101(1):139-52.

Pohorecky LA. Stress and alcohol interaction: an update of human research. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1991;15(3):438-59.

Catell RB, Eber HW, Ttatsuoka MM. Hand book for the 16 PF questionnaire. Institute for personality and ability testing; 1970: 83-283.

Mogar RE, Wilson WM, Helm ST. Personality subtypes of male and female alcoholic patients. Int J Addict. 1970;5(1):99-113.

Glass TA, Prigerson H, Kasl SV, Leon CFM. The effects of negative life events on alcohol consumption among older men and women. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1995;50:205-16.

Cooke ME, Meyers JL, Latvala A, Korhonen T, Rose RJ, Kaprio J, et al. Gene-environment interaction effects of peer deviance, parental knowledge and stressful life events on adolescent alcohol use. Twin Res Human Genet. 2015;18(5):507-17.

Windle M, Windle RC. A prospective study of stressful events, coping motives for drinking, and alcohol use among middle-aged adults. J Stud Alcohol Drug. 2015;76(3):465-73.

Mereish EH, Kuerbis A, Morgenstern J. A daily diary study of stressful and positive events, alcohol use, and addiction severity among heavy drinking sexual minority men. Drug Alcohol Dependence. 2018;187:149-54.

Hoyland MA, Latendresse SJ. Stressful life events influence transitions among latent classes of alcohol use. Psychol Addict Behav. 2018;32(7):727.

Singh G, Kaur D, Kaur H. Presumptive stressful life events scale (PSLES)-a new stressful life events scale for use in India. Indian J Psych. 1984;26(2):107.