DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20221355
Published: 2022-05-24

Hepatitis D virus seroprevalence in HBsAg positive patients attending a tertiary care hospital in Northeast India

Kongbrailatpam Tharbendra Sharma, S. Praveen, Krossnunpuii ., Swarnatrisha Saha, Batkupar Syiemiong

Abstract


Background: Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection is present worldwide. Around 18 million people are estimated to be infected with HDV and can infect individuals with active HBV infection and cause severe liver disease. There is lack of data on the prevalence of HDV infection in the state and also in the region. The aim of the study was to determine the seroprevalence of HDV in HBsAg positive patients attending Regional Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, Imphal, Manipur, India.

Methods: This study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital (Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal).The study was done for a period of 2 years from September 2016 to August 2018. A total of 119 HBsAg ELISA positive cases were included in the study.

Results: Out of 119 HBsAg positive cases, 5 cases were positive for hepatitis D antibodies, of which 3 were positive for anti-Hepatitis D virus IgM and 2 were positive for anti-Hepatitis D virus IgG. Seroprevalence of HDV infection was found to be 4.2%.

Conclusions: Seroprevalence of HDV infection was found to be 4.2% which is higher than the finding in some of the recent studies in the country.


Keywords


Hepatitis D virus, HBsAg, ELISA, IgM, IgG

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References


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