DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20223026
Published: 2022-11-23

Neuromyelitis optica presenting as neurogenic bladder

C. P. Aryadevi, Geethika Pradeep, P. V. Bhargavan, Shiji P. V.

Abstract


Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an immune mediated disease of central nervous system primarily affecting optic nerves, spinal cord and brain stem. This case report describes a 24-year-old male with no comorbidities presented with high grade fever followed by proximal lower limb weakness and bilateral hydrouretero nephrosis without any lower urinary tract obstruction. He had clinical features of conus- cauda lesion with MRI spine showing features of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) and brain MRI showing involvement of splenium of corpus callosum. He improved with steroid therapy with in a period of 2 weeks and oral steroid was tapered of and stopped within a period of two months. There was no relapse of symptoms so far.


Keywords


Neuromyelitis optica, Neurogenic bladder, Lower limb weakness

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